Environmental Impacts of Trade

Environmental Impacts of Trade

By Erika Masako Welch, 03 November 2023

Previously: Socio-Economic Impacts of Trade

Since 1950, world trade has grown more than twenty-seven folds in volume terms. 

The growth in global trade has risen the global CO2 emissions due to transportation. Transportation accounts for 16% of global emissions, of which freight transportation accounts for close to half (8% of global emissions). This includes road, shipping, aviation, rail, and pipeline.

Emissions from Global Trade and Transportation

As per the International Energy Agency (IEA), the total CO2 emissions from transportation in 2000 was 5.8 gigatonnes, which has increased by over 40% in 2019 to 8.2 gigatonnes. The increased emissions

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